- Oil of Lemon Eucalyptus
- Oil of Lemongrass
- Fractionated Coconut Oil
- Vanilla Oil
Oil of lemon eucalyptus is the common name of one of the natural oils extracted from the leaves and twigs of the lemon-scented gum eucalyptus plant, Eucalyptus citriodora Hook.
Oil of lemon eucalyptus has been used for many years in China as a product known as Quwenling (translated as “effective repellent of mosquitoes”).
Researchers in the U.S. began investigating this product in the early 1990s and identified the active ingredient as p-menthane-3,8-diol (PMD). PMD is registered with the EPA as a ‘biopesticide repellent’ meaning that it is derived from natural materials and effective for repelling insects, such as mosquitoes, biting flies and gnats.
PMD has also shown remarkable ability to repel mosquitoes when compared to DEET. DEET is the most popular synthetic commercial insect repellent but it has been linked to serious adverse effects, especially in children. When used in the field on humans in Tanzania against a 10% DEET repellent, PMD products prevented bites for 4 to 7 hours after application for aggressive species of mosquito and for greater than 12 hours for the less aggressive mosquitoes – PMD repellents out-performed the studied DEET repellent.
Lemongrass Oil is an effective insect repellent in its own right, aside from its many uses as an antifungal, antibacterial, and anti-inflammatory. In combination with Oil of Lemon Eucalyptus you have a powerful and safe repellent.
Vanilla The world-wide demand for Vanilla far outstrips supply, and Vanilla is the second costliest spice, after Saffron. Its high cost is not due to rarity, but due to the intensive labour involved in processing the pods. We use an oil base form of natural Vanilla.
Fractionated Coconut Oil is thinner than the unrefined oil and so is readily absorbed by the skin and doesn’t leave a greasy feeling. In addition, it is practically odourless and tasteless and can withstand very high heat.
‘Fractionated’ means it contains the fraction of the coconut oil from which almost all the long chain triglycerides have been removed, leaving an absolutely saturated oil. This saturation gives it a very, very long shelf life and greatly increased stability and more of antioxidant and disinfecting effect. Fractionating is a combination of friction and water-distellation.